Titanium alloys were developed in the early 1950s for defense and aeronautical applications because of their high strength-to-weight ratio. Through innovation in very diverse markets, production of titanium significantly increased making the material much more readily available. This increase in production has lowered costs allowing even more industries to utilize its unique combination of strength, weight, and corrosion resistance.
Commercially Pure (CP) Titanium, Ti 6Al-4V and Ti 6Al-4V ELI, Ti-Pd, and Titanium Grade 12 are the most common titanium alloys used in industry. There are additional grades with more limited availability for more specialized circumstances.
Titanium alloys bridge the gap between the properties of steel and aluminum and are used in such varied applications as satellites, plating racks, cryogenic storage vessels, saline water conversion units, wet chlorine gas piping, seawater pumps, pulp and paper production, airplanes, yachts, jewelry, eyeglass frames, golf clubs, high current superconductors, off-shore drilling equipment, dental implants, and hip and knee replacements.